Taylor Alison Swift (born December 13, 1989) is an American singer-songwriter. Her narrative songwriting, which often takes inspiration from her personal life, has drawn widespread critical plaudits and media coverage.
Born in West Reading, Pennsylvania, Swift relocated to Nashville, Tennessee, in 2004 to pursue a career in country music. She broke into the country scene with the release of her eponymous debut studio album in 2006, buoyed by the singles “Teardrops on My Guitar
” and “Our Song”. Swift rose to mainstream prominence with her second studio album, Fearless (2008), a country pop record with crossover appeal. Aided by the top-ten singles “Love Story” and “You Belong with Me”, Fearless was certified Diamond by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA). Swift’s third studio album, Speak Now (2010), blended country pop with elements of rock. It yielded the singles “Mine”, “Back to December”, and “Mean”, all of which proved successful on country and pop charts.
Drawing inspiration from various pop, rock, and electronic genres, Swift’s fourth studio album Red (2012) saw her transcending country roots. She moved to pop with her synth pop-focused fifth studio album, 1989 (2014), and broadened the electropop sound on her next two studio albums, Reputation (2017) and Lover (2019), which embraced urban and retro styles, respectively. These four albums spawned a string of international successes, including “We Are Never Ever Getting Back Together”, “I Knew You Were Trouble”, “Shake It Off”, “Blank Space”, “Bad Blood”, “Look What You Made Me Do”, and “Me!”. Swift experimented with folk and alternative rock on her eighth and ninth studio albums, Folklore and Evermore (both released in 2020), whose respective lead singles, “Cardigan” and “Willow”, reached top-tier chart positions.
With sales of over 200 million records worldwide, Swift is one of the world’s best-selling music artists. Her accolades include 10 Grammy Awards (including two Album of the Year wins), an Emmy Award, 27 Guinness World Records, 32 American Music Awards (the most wins by an artist), and 23 Billboard Music Awards (the most wins by a woman). She ranked eighth on Billboard‘s Greatest of All Time Artists Chart and, as a songwriter, was recognized in Rolling Stone‘s 100 Greatest Songwriters of All Time (2015). Swift has been included in various power rankings, such as Time‘s annual list of the 100 most influential people in the world (2010, 2015 and 2019) and Forbes Celebrity 100 (placing first in 2016 and 2019). She was named Woman of the Decade (2010s) by Billboard and Artist of the Decade (2010s) by the American Music Awards.